What is interpretation?
The basic definition of interpretation, according to the Webster dictionary is the “action of explaining the meaning of something; the way something is explained or understood.”
In terms of language, the definition of interpretation should be broader: rendering a spoken or signed message into another spoken or signed language, preserving the register and meaning of the source language content.
It is the spoken or signed language communication between users of different languages. A language interpreter or sign language interpreter must not only quickly and carefully interpret meaning, but also tone and intent of the original message into the target or interpreted language.
What is simultaneous interpreting?
There are actually three primary modes of interpreting: consecutive, simultaneous and sight translation.
- Simultaneous interpreting: The interpreter listens and renders the message in the target language at the same time as the speaker is speaking.
- Consecutive interpreting: The interpreter speaks after the source language speaker has stopped speaking.
- Sight translation: An oral rendition of a written text.
How is interpretation performed?
Often we think of a language being interpreted face-to-face, such as in a court, school or medical facility. However, remote interpreting can also be performed through telephonic interpreting or video remote interpreting.
No matter the format, the interpreter must have excellent language proficiency, be able to quickly analyze and transfer messages between languages and adhere to professional ethics and standards of practice.